I propose to carry out a study of the work of the Blood Foundation, a small NGO based in Fang in northernThailand, near the border with Burma . The study will combine NGO ethnography  with social impact analysis (SIA) , adapting both methods to reflect both the focus on a much smaller NGO than is common in NGO ethnographies , and the ongoing nature of the Blood Foundation’s work (which can be contrasted with the more usual location of SIA in the planning process, that is, before a project begins ).
The research objectives of the project (which could also be expressed as research questions or hypotheses) are as follows:
1. To describe the motivation, activities and effects of an NGO that is rooted in a commitment to religious pluralism (not faith-based in the conventional mono-religious sense, but not entirely secular either);
2. To assess the effects, positive and negative, of a social enterprise NGO model (based on the harnessing of market forces to achieve self-sufficiency, rather than focusing on charitable donations);
3. To demonstrate that 'economies of small scale' exist in the NGO sector, allowing smaller NGOs to carry out some activities more efficiently than larger NGOs;
4. To identify and assess effects on the local community of the Blood Foundation's work;
5. To identify how the Blood Foundation use local knowledge in their projects ;
6. To analyse the effects of the multi-faith activity initiated by the Blood Foundation on local expressions of Thai Buddhism;
7. To identify ways in which the sustainability and equitability  of the Blood Foundation's work can be maximised;
8. To identify ways in which the results of this research project can be applied to the work of the Blood Foundation and to other NGOs.
Objectives 1-3 are derived from the principles of NGO ethnography, and objectives 4-7 from the principles of SIA, although it should be noted that this is one project, not two, and that the boundaries between methodologies are blurred. Objective 8 is derived from both methodological frameworks.
The first reason why I propose this study is that the Blood Foundation has two characteristics that relate to my current areas of expertise. The first characteristic is the Blood Foundation’s work with refugees, migrant workers and minority ethnic communities in the FangValley area, enabling me to draw on my expertise in the sociology of migration and my experience of research among migrants and ethnic minorities of Pakistani and North African origins in the United Kingdom andFrance respectively. The second characteristic is the core commitment of the Blood Foundation to religious pluralism and multiculturalism, which parallels published research I have done on Islam and inter-religious dialogue. The Blood Foundation organises cultural exchange programmes which give Westerners an inside experience of Thai Buddhism, and one of its projects, the Learn to Live project, is funded by a Christian group with assistance from a secular one, and executed by Shan Buddhists .
The second reason for proposing this study is that it would enable me as a researcher to move my research in a more applied direction, something that would be consistent with USQ’s priorities and the current challenges facing the Faculty of Arts and theSchool of Humanities and Communication. By carrying out an ethnographic study and SIA of an NGO that has a focus on social enterprise , I will equip myself to carry out comparable studies in the not-for-profit sector, the public sector, and even the private sector. This would enhance the capacity of the Faculty and School to attract external funding, both public and third-stream.
The reason why this location has been chosen is simply that this is where the Blood Foundation is located. It would of course be possible to study one of myriad other NGOs, but a study of the Blood Foundation would enable me to combine existing areas of expertise with areas in which I would like to develop expertise to benefit the Faculty and the School, as well as my own career.
I have developed this proposal in discussion with Ben Bowler, who is the founder and field director of the Blood Foundation. As ethnographic research implies participation as well as observation, I expect to be involved in their work while I am there, and I expect this to benefit the research project. It is therefore possible that I would do some ‘consultancy’ for the Blood Foundation; for example, an SIA can be of benefit to an NGO when it is applying for external funding or marketing its programmes, and I can advise them on relations with the Muslim community in Thailand and further afield. While this would certainly be on a pro bono basis, it would also have the benefits, in terms of building capacity to attract third-stream funding, that I have outlined above.
A provisional timeline is included in this application. It should be noted that some of the research, e.g. reviewing the relevant literature, will be carried out before the ADOSP period. This project will require human subjects ethical approval, which I will apply for as soon as possible, and I request that this ADOSP application be approved subject to ethical approval.
 See, for example: E. Crewe and E. Harrison, Whose development? An ethnography of aid, London: Zed Books, 1998; W.F. Fisher, ‘Doing good? The politics and antipolitics of NGO practices’, Annual review of anthropology, 26: 439-64, 1997; L. Markowitz, ‘Finding the field: notes on the ethnography of NGOs’, Human organization, 60 (1): 40-6, 2001.
 L.R. Goldman (ed.), Social impact analysis: an applied anthropology manual, Oxford: Berg, 2000. See also http://www.socialimpactassessment.net/siabibliography.htm for an extensive bibliography of social impact analysis/assessment.
 Markowitz, op.cit.
 John Western and Mark Lynch (‘Overview of the social impact assessment process’, in Goldman, ed., op.cit., p.57) argue that SIA ‘may follow the intervention in order to determine the nature and impact of any associated impacts’.
 See International Association for Impact Assessment (2003) ‘International principles for Social Impact Assessment’, Special Publication Series No. 2, http://www.iaia.org/publicdocuments/Pubs_Ref_Material/sp2.pdf.
 See, for example: N. Frances and M. Cuskelly, The end of charity: time for social enterprise, Crows Nest: Allen and Unwin, 2008; I. Smillie, Freedom from want, Sterling VA: Kumarian Press, 2009; M. Yunus, Creating a world without poverty: social business and the future of capitalism, New York: PublicAffairs, 2009.